Legal Document

Title: The Food and Drugs Act
Type: Act
Issuing Agency: Ministry of Justice
Responsible Agency: Ministry of Health & Wellness
Issuing Date: 03-03-1975

THE FOOD AND DRUGS ACT

Arrangement of Sections 

 


PART 1. Preliminary

1. Short title 

2. Interpretation.


 

PART 2. Foods, Drugs. Cosmetics and Devices

GENERAL

3. No food, drug, etc., to be advertised or sold for the treatment, etc. of certain diseases. 

4. Restrictions on importation.

FOOD

5. Prohibited sales of food

6. Food to be correctly labelled, packaged, etc.

7. Insanitary conditions. DRUGS

8. Prohibited sales of drugs.

9. Drugs to be correctly labelled, packaged, etc.

10. lnsanitary conditions.

11. Distribution of samples.

COSMETICS

12. Prohibited sales of cosmetics.

13. Cosmetic to be correctly labelled, packaged, etc.

14. lnsanitary conditions.

DEVICES

15. Prohibited saIes of devices.

16. Devices to be correctly labelled, packaged, etc.

PART 3. Administration and Enforcement

17. Designation of officers.

18. Administrative expenses.

19. Powers and duties of inspectors and analysts.

20. Disposal of article seized

21. Power of Minister to make regulations

22. Procedure with respect to regulations 

23. Power of Minister to require information

24. Establishment of Advisory Committees.

OFFENSES

25. Offenses

26. Offense by body corporate

27. Fiat of the Director of Public Prosecutions

28. Penalties in regulations

28A. Minister may amend monetary penalties

EVIDENCE

29. Want of knowledge

30. Presumptions

31. Possession of adulterating substances.

32. Name of manufacturer 

33. Certificates of analysis 

34. Copies of records.


 

THE FOOD AND DRUGS ACT

[4th August 1975]

PART 1. Preliminary

1. This Act may be cited as the Food and Drugs Act.

2. In this Act-

"advertisement" includes any representation by any means' whatever for the purpose of promoting directly or indirectly the sale or disposal of any food, drug, cosmetic or device;

"analyst" means an analyst designated under section 17;

"article to which this Act applies" includes-

(a) any food, drug, cosmetic or device;

(b) anything used for the manufacture, preparation, preservation, packaging or storing thereof;

(c) any labeling or advertising material;

"cosmetic" includes any substance or mixture of substances manufactured, sold or represented for use in cleansing, improving or altering the complexion, skin, lips, hair, fingernails or toenails, teeth, and includes deodorants and perfumes;

"device" means any instrument, apparatus, or contrivance including components, parts, and accessories thereof, manufactured or sold or represented for use in the diagnosis, treatment, mitigation or prevention of a disease, disorder, abnormal physical state or the symptoms thereof in man or animal;

"drug" means any substance or mixture of substances manufactured, sold or represented for use in-

(a) the diagnosis, treatment, mitigation or prevention of a disease, disorder, abnormal physical state or the symptoms thereof in man or animal;

(b) restoring, correcting or modifying organic functions in man or animal;

(c)-disinfection in premises in which food is manufactured, prepared, preserved, packaged or stored for sale or sold or for the control of vermin or insects in such premises;

"food" includes any article used for food or drink by man, chewing gum and any ingredient that may be mixed with food or drink for any purpose;

"importer" in relation to an imported article, includes any person who, whether as owner, consignee, agent or broker is in possession of the article or any way entitled to the custody or control of it;

"insanitary conditions" means such conditions or circumstances as might contaminate a food, drug or cosmetic as the case may be with dirt or filth or render the same injurious to health or unsafe for use;

"inspector' means an inspector; designated under section 17;

"label" includes any legend, word, record or mark attached to, included in, 'belonging 'to, or accompanying any food, drug, cosmetic, device or package;

"package" includes anything in which any food, drug, cosmetic or device is wholly or partly contained, placed or packed;

“sell” includes offer for sale, expose for sale, have in possession for purposes of sale (whether by the person in possession or by some other person) and distribute.

(2) Where in this Act the expression “this Act” is used it shall be deemed to include references to regulations made under this Act

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PART 2. Foods, Drugs. Cosmetics and Devices

GENERAL

 

3.-(1) A person shall not advertise any food, drug, cosmetic or device to the general public for the treatment, prevention or cure of any of the diseases, disorders or abnormal physical states mentioned in the First Schedule

(2) A person shall not sell any food, drug, cosmetic or device-

(a) that is represented by label; or

(b) that he advertises to the general public, for the treatment, prevention or cure of any of the diseases, disorders or abnormal physical states mentioned in the First Schedule.

4.-(1) Except as provided by the regulations, a person shall not import into the Island any food, drug, cosmetic or device unless it wholly conforms to the law of the country in which it was manufactured or produced and is accompanied by a certificate in prescribed form and manner that it does not contravene any known requirement of the law of that country and that its sale therein for consumption or use by or for man or animal, as the case may be, would not constitute a violation of the law thereof.

(2) A person shall not sell any food, drug, cosmetic or device imported into the Island in contravention of subsection (1).

(3) Except as provided by the regulations a person shall not import into the Island any food, drug, cosmetic or device, the sale of which would be an offence under this Act.

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FOOD

 

5. A person shall not sell any food that-

(a) has in or upon it any poisonous or harmful substance;

(b) is unfit for human consumption;

(c) consists in whole or in part of any filthy, putrid, disgusting, rotten, decomposed or diseased animal or vegetable substance;

(d) is adulterated; or

(e) was manufactured, prepared, preserved, packaged or stored under insanitary conditions.

6. (1) A person shall not label, package, treat, process, sell or advertise any food in a manner that is false, misimpression regarding its character, value, quantity, com- position, merit or safety.

(2) Any food that is not labelled or packaged as required by the regulations, or is labelled or packaged contrary to the regulations, shall be deemed to be labelled or packaged contrary to subsection (1).

(3) Where a standard has been prescribed for a food, a person shall not label, package, sell or advertise any article in such a manner that it is likely to be mistaken for such food, unless the article complies with the pre- scribed standard.

7. A person shall not manufacture, prepare, preserve, package or store for sale any food under insanitary conditions.

8. A person shall not sell any drug that-

(a) was manufactured, prepared, preserved, packaged or stored under insanitary conditions;

(b) is adulterated; or

(c) is stale.

9.(1) A person shall not label, package, treat, process, sell or advertise any drug in a manner that is false, misleading or deceptive or is likely to create an erroneous impression regarding its character, value, quantity, compition, merit or safety.

(2) A drug that is not labelled or packaged as required by the regulations, or is labelled or packaged contrary to the regulations, shall be deemed to be labelled or packaged contrary to subsection (1).

(3) Where a standard has been prescribed for a drug, a person shall not label, package, sell or advertise any substance in such a manner that it is likely to be mistaken for such drug, unless the substance complies with the prescribed standard.

(4) Where a standard has not been prescribed for a drug, but a standard for the drug is contained in any publication mentioned in the Second Schedule, a person shall not label, package, sell or advertise any substance in such a manner that it is likely to be mistaken for such drug, unless the substance complies with such standard.

(5) Where a standard for a drug has not been prescribed and no standard for the drug is contained in any publication mentioned in the Second Schedule, a person shall not sell such drug, unless-

(a) it is in accordance with the professed standard under which it is sold; and

(b) it does not resemble, in a manner likely to deceive, any drug for which a standard has been prescribed or which is contained in any publication mentioned in the Second Schedule.

10. A person shall not manufacture, prepare, preserve, package or store for sale any drug under insanitary conditions.

11. (1) A person shall not distribute or cause to be distributed any drug as a sample.

(2) Subsection (1) shall not apply to the distribution of samples of drugs to registered medical practitioners, registered dentists or veterinary surgeons, or by a manufacturer of drugs to any person acting as a distributor of drugs on behalf of such manufacturer.

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COSMETICS

12. A person shall not sell any cosmetic that-

(a) has in or upon it any substance that may cause injury to the health of the user when the cosmetic is used-

(i) according to the directions on the label or accompanying such cosmetic; or

(ii) for such purposes and by such methods of use as are customary or usual therefor,

(b) consists in whole or in part of any filthy or decomposed substance or of any foreign matter, or

(c) was manufactured, prepared, preserved, packaged or stored under insanitary conditions.

13. Where a standard has been prescribed for a cosmetic, a person shall not label, package, sell or advertise any article in such a manner that it is likely to be mistaken for such cosmetic, unless the article complies with the prescribed standard.

14. A person shall not manufacture, prepare, preserve, Insanitary package or store for sale any cosmetic under instanitary conditions.


DEVICES

15. A person shall not sell any device that, when used according to directions or under such conditions as are customary or usual, may cause injury to the health of the purchaser or user thereof.

16. (1) A person shall not label, package, treat, process, sell or advertise any device in a manner that is false, misleading or deceptive or is likely to create an erroneous impression regarding its character, value composition, merit or safety.

(2) A device that is not labelled or packaged as required by the regulations, or is labelled or packaged contrary to the regulations, shall be deemed to be labelled or packaged contrary to subsection (1).

(3) Where a standard has been prescribed for a device, a person shall not, label, package, sell or advertise any article in such a manner that it is likely to be mistaken for such device, unless the article complies with the prescribed standard.


PART 3. Administration and Enforcement

 

17. The Minister may from time to time designate any public officer whether by name or by the title of his office to be an inspector or analyst for the purposes of this act.

18. There shall be defrayed out of sums provided for the purpose by Parliament all expenses properly incurred in the administration of this act.

19. (1)An inspector may at any reasonable time-

(a) enter any place where he reasonably believes any food, drug, cosmetic or device is manufactured, prepared, preserved, packaged or stored for sale or sold, examine such food, drug, cosmetic or device and take samples thereof free of charge and examine anything that he reasonably believes is used or is capable of being used for the manufacture, preparation, preservation, packaging or storing thereof;

(b) open and examine any receptacle or package found in any such place as is mentioned in paragraph ( 0 ) that he reasonably believes contains any article to which this Act applies;

(c) examine any books, document or other records found in any such place as is mentioned in paragraph (a) which he reasonably believes contains any information that may assist in the enforcement of this Act and make copies thereof or extracts therefrom;

(d) seize and detain for such time as may be prescribed and subject to such conditions as may be prescribed any article by means of or in relation to which he reasonably believes any provision of this Act has been contravened.

(2) An inspector may examine or analyse any article seized by him or any sample therefrom or any sample taken by him or submit such article or sample to an analyst for examination or analysis.

(3) Where an inspector or analyst has made an examination or analysis he may issue a certificate or report setting out the result of his examination or analysis.

(4) An inspector shall be furnished with a certificate of designation and on entering any place pursuant to subsection (1)he shall, if required to do so, produce the certificate to the person in charge of the place.

(5) The owner or person in charge of a place entered by an inspector pursuant to subsection (1) and every person found therein shall give the inspector all reasonable assistance m their power and shall furnish him with such information as he may reasonably require.

(6) Any article seized under this Act may at the option of an inspector be stored or kept in the building or place where it was seized or may on his direction be removed to any other place which he considers satisfactory for the purpose.

20.-(1) An inspector shall release any article seized by him under this Act when he is satisfied that all the provisions of this Act with respect thereto have been complied with.

(2) Where a person has been convicted of an offence under this Act, the court may order that any article by means of or in relation to which the offence was committed, belonging to the accused, be forfeited and upon such order being made, such article shall be forfeited and may be destroyed or otherwise disposed of as the Minister may direct.

21. The Minister may make regulations for carrying the purposes and provisions of this Act into effect and in particular but without prejudice to the generality of the foregoing may make regulations-

(a) declaring that any food, drug or class of food or drugs is adulterated if any prescribed substance or class of substances is present therein or has been added thereto or extracted or omitted therefrom;

(b) respecting-

(i) the labelling and packaging and the offering, exposing and advertising for sale of food, drugs, cosmetics and devices;

(ii) the size, dimensions, fill and other specifications of packages of food, drugs, cosmetics and devices;

(iii) the sale, the prohibition of sale or the conditions of sale of any food, drug, cosmetic or device; and

(iv) the use, the prohibition of use or the conditions of use of any substance as an ingredient in any food, drug, cosmetic or device,

to prevent the consumer or purchaser thereof from being deceived or misled as to its quantity, character, value, composition, merit or safety or to prevent injury to the health of the consumer or purchaser;

(c) prescribing standards of composition, strength potency, purity, quality or other property of any article of food, drug, cosmetic or device;

(d) respecting the importation of foods, drugs, cosmetics and devices, in order to ensure compliance with this Act;

(e) respecting the method of preparation, manufacture, preserving, packaging, storing and testing of any food, drug, cosmetic or device in the interests of, or for the prevention of injury to, the health of the consumer or purchaser;

(f) providing for the registration of drugs or devices, the granting of licences for the manufacture or importation of any drug or device and the imposition of fees in respect of any such registration or license

(g) exempting any food, drug, cosmetic or device from all or any of the provisions of this Act and prescribing the conditions of such exemption;

(h) prescribing forms for the purposes of this Act;

(i) respecting the powers and duties of inspectors and analysts and the taking of samples and the seizure, detention, forfeiture and disposal of articles;

(j) providing for the analysis of food, drugs, or cos- metics other than for the purposes of this Act and prescribing a tariff of fees to be paid for such analysis;

(k) adding anything to or deleting anything from either of the Schedules, in the interests of, or for the protection of the public health;

(l) requiring persons who sell food, drugs, cosmetics or devices to maintain such books and records as the Minister considers necessary for the proper enforcement and administration of this Act and to produce such books and records to any person authorized in that behalf by the Minister;

(m) prescribing anything required to be prescribed under this Act

22. (1) A draft of all regulations proposed to be made under section 21 shall be published in the Gazette so as to permit representations to be made to the Minister by any person concerning any provision of the regulations to which that person objects.

(2) The Minister shall, when making the regulations, consider every such objection if made in writing within thirty days of the date of publication of the draft regula- tions.

(3) Where the Minister considers it necessary in the public interest or in the interest of, or for the protection of the public health, he may make regulations under section 21 without regard to the provisions of subsection,so, however, that any regulations so made shall be subject to negative resolution.

23. (1) For the purpose of enabling him to exercise his functions under this Act, the Minister may by order require every person who at the date of the order or at any subsequent time carries on a business which includes the production, importation or use of substances of any class specified in the order to furnish to the Minister, within such time as may be so specified, such particulars as may be so specified, of the composition and use of any sub- stances which in the course of that business are used, or sold for use,in the preparation of food, drugs or cosmetics.

(2) Without prejudice to the generality of subsection (11, an order made thereunder may require the following particulars to be furnished m respect of any substance, that is to say-

(a) particulars of the composition and chemical formula of the substance;

(b) particulars of the manner in which the substance is used or proposed to be used in the preparation of food, drug or cosmetic;

(c) particulars of any investigations carried out by or to the knowledge of the person carrying on the business in question, for the purpose of determining whether and to what extent the substance, or any product formed when the substance is used as aforesaid, is injurious to, in any other way affects health;

(d) particulars of any investigations or inquiries carried out by or to the knowledge of the person carrying on the business in quedion for the pur- pose of determining the cumulative effect on the health of a person oonsuming the substance in ordinary quantities

24.-(1) The Minister may establish-

(a) a Food Advisory Committee to assist and advise him with respect to food standards, labelling and other matters connected with the manufacture and distribution of foods in the interest of, and for the protection of, the public health,

(b) a Drug Advisory Committee to assist and advise him with respect to drug standards, conditions of sale of drugs and any other matters connected therewith in the interest of, and for the protection of, the public health.

(2) A committee established under subsection (1) shall be representative of lay and professional interests and shall com- prise such person as by reason of their knowledge, interest and experience are considered suitable for appointment thereto.

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OFFENSES

25. Every person who-

(a) moves or causes or allows to be moved any article in contravention of this Act;

(b) assaults or obstructs any officer designated under this Act acting in the execution of his duty under this Act;

(c) bribes or attempts to bride any inspector or analyst in connection with any matter arising in the exercise or performance of his powers or duties under this Act;

(4 being an inspector or analyst accepts any bribe in con- nection with any matter arising in the exercise or per- formance of his powers or duties under this Act;

(e) knowingly gives false or misleading information to an inspector;

(f) contravenes sections 3 to 16 inclusive or subsection (5) of section 19,

shall be guilty of an offense and shall on summary conviction before a Resident Magistrate be liable to a fine not exceeding one million dollars or to imprisonment with or without hard labor for a term not exceeding twelve months.

26. Where a person committing an offence against this Act is a body corporate, the chairman, president, the officers and every director thereof concerned in the management of the body corporate, shall be guilty of the sanle offence unless he proves that the act or omission constituting the offence took place without his knowledge or that he exercised all due diligence to prevent the commission thereof.

27. Aprosecutionforanoffenceunderparagraph(c)or(6) of section 25 shall not be instituted without the sanction of the Director of Public Prosecutions.

28. Notwithstanding the provisions of section 29 of the Interpretation Act regulations made under section 21 or an order made under section 23 may prescribe greater penalties than those specified in the said section 29, so, however, that the maximum penalty that may be imposed by any such regulations shall be a fine of one million dollars or imprisonment with or without hard labour for a term of twelve months.

28A. The Minister may, by order subject to affirmative resolution, amend the monetary penalties specified in this Act.

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EVIDENCE

29.-(1) In a prosecution for the sale of any article in contravention of this Act, if the person charged proves to the satisfaction of the Resident Magistrate that-

(a) he purchased the article from another person in packaged form and sold it in the same package and in the same condition the article was in at the time he purchased it; and

(b) that he could not with reasonable diligence have ascertained that the sale of the article' would be in contravention of this Act,

the person charged shall be acquitted.

(2) Subsection (1) shall not apply in any prosecution unless the accused, at least ten, days before the day fixed for the trial, has given to the prosecutor notice in writing that he intends to avail himself of the provisions of subsection (1) and has disclosed to the prosecutor the name and address of the person from whom he purchased the article and the date of purchase.

30 (1) For the purpose of this Act-

(a) any article commonly used for human consumption shall, if sold, be presumed, until the contrary is proved, to have been sold for human consumption

(b) any article commonly used for human consumption which is found on premises used for the manufacture, preparation, preservation, packaging or storage for sale or sale of that article and any article commonly used in the manufacture or preservation of products for human consumption which is found on premises used for the manufacture, preparation, preservation, packaging or storage for sale or sale of these products, shall be presumed, until the contrary is proved, to be intended for sale, or for manufacturing products for sale, for human consumption;

(c) any substance capable of being used in the com- position or preparation of any article commonly used for human consumption which is found on premises on which that article is prepared shall, until the contrary is proved, be presumed to be intended for such use.

(2) In a prosecution for an offense under this Act it shall be sufficient proof of the offense to establish that it was committed by & employee or agent of the accused whether or not such employee or agent has been prosecuted for the offense; and for the purposes of this subsection, any person selling or ostensibly employed to sell shall be presumed to be employed to sell.

31. Where a person is prosecuted under this Act for having manufactured an adulterated food or drug for sale, and it is established that-

(a) the food OT drug has by regulation been declared to be adulterated if any prescribed substance has been added thereto; and

(b) such person had in his possession or on his premises any such prescribed substance, the onus of proving that the food or drug was not adultered by the addition of such substance shall be on the person charged.

32. Proof that a package containing any article to which this Act applies bore a name or address purporting to be the name or address of the person by whom it was manufactured or packaged shall be prima facie proof, in a prosecution for a contravention of this Act, that the article was manufactured or packaged, as the case may be,by the person whose name or address appeared on the package.

33.-(1) Subject to subsection (21, the certificate of an inspector or analyst stating that he has examined or analysed an article or sample for the purposes of this Act and stating the result of his examination or analysis shall be admissible in evidence in a prosecution €or a contravention of this Act and shall be prima facie proof of the statements contained in the certificate but the party against whom it is produced may require the attendance of the inspector or analyst for the purpose of cross-examining him.

(2) A certificate under subsection (1) shall be not admissible in evidence unless the party intending to produce it has before the trial given to the party against whom it is intended to produce it reasonable notice of such intention and a copy of the certificate

34. In a prosecution for a contravention of this Act a copy of a record or an extract therefrom certified to be a true copy by the inspector who made it pursuant to paragraph (c) of subsection (1) of section 19 shall be admissible in evidence and shall be prima jack proof of the contents thereof.

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Download English: The Food and Drugs Act

List Measures/Standards

Name Description Status Measures/Standards Measure Class
Importation of Controlled Substances The importation of Controlled Substances requires an importer needs to obtain a permit from the Ministry of Health prior to the importation and sale of controlled substances in Jamaica. Importers of controlled substances are required under the law- Food and Drug Act 1975 to get a permit Active Measure Goods
Importation of Medical Devices and Medicines Cosmetics The importation of "Medical Devices and Medicines and Cosmetics requires an importer needs to obtain a permit from the Ministry of Health prior to the importation and sale of medical devices, medicines, and comestics in Jamaica. Importers of controlled substances are required under the law- Food and Drug Act 1975 to get a permit Active Measure Goods
License for the Registration of Pharmaceutical Products A person shall not sell, manufacture, import or distribute drugs which are not registered with the Ministry of Health and a fee of $25.00 has been paid in respect of such registration. Active Measure Goods
License for the Registration of Generic Pharmaceutical Products The importation of Controlled Substances requires an importer needs to obtain a generic pharmaceutical product from the Ministry of Health prior to the importation and sale in generic pharmaceutical products Jamaica. Importers of generic pharmaceutical products are required under the law- Food and Drug Act 1975 to get a permit Active Measure Goods
Inspection of Imported Food The importation of any food products requires products to be inspected by a Ministry of Health inspector from the Ministry of Health (MOH) after the importation of plant products in Jamaica. Any food products are required under the law- Foods and Drugs Act 1975 to be inspected Active Measure Goods
License for Cultivator’s Tier-1 Cultivate up to 1 acre (4,047 square metres) of land with ganja for medical, scientific and therapeutic purposes. Active Measure Goods
License for Cultivators Tier-2 Cultivate between 1 and 5 acres (4,047 – 20, 235 square metres) of land with ganja for medical, scientific and therapeutic purposes. Active Measure Goods
License for Cultivators Tier-3 Cultivate over 5 acres (20,235 square metres) of land with ganja for medical, scientific and therapeutic purposes. Active Measure Goods
Licence for Processing - Tier 1 Process ganja for medical, scientific and therapeutic purposes, including the manufacturing of ganja based products, in a space of up to 200 square metres. Active Measure Goods
Licence for Processing - Tier 2 Process ganja for medical, scientific and therapeutic purposes, including the manufacturing of ganja based products, in a space of over 200 square metres. Active Measure Goods
Licence for Transport Transport ganja between two licensed premises in an approved motor vehicle. Active Measure Goods
Retail Licence with facilities for consumption Sell ganja products for medical, scientific and therapeutic purposes with space for immediate consumption by consumers. Active Measure Goods
Retail Licence without facilities for consumption Sell ganja products for medical, scientific and therapeutic purposes. Active Measure Goods
Retail Licence for therapeutic purposes Provide therapeutic or spa services utilising ganja products Active Measure Goods
Research and Development Licence - Experimental Undertakes all activities involved in the assessment, study, research, development and testing of products derived from all or any part of the cannabis plant, including the analytical services for own use. Active Measure Goods
Research and Development Licence- Analytical Services Provide commercial services exclusively for the determination of any or all of the constituents, characteristics, quality or safety parameters of cannabis or cannabis products by accepted and/or accredited methods. Active Measure Goods
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