Legal Document

Title: Trade Act
Type: Act
Issuing Agency: Ministry of Justice
Responsible Agency: The Trade Board Ltd.
Issuing Date: 01-05-1955

 

 

TRADE ACT

ARRANGEMENT OF SECTIONS 


1. Short title


2. Interpretation.

 
3. Establishment of  Prices Commission.

 
4: Functions of the Commission


5. Funds and resources of the Commission. 


6. Accounts and audit


7. Annual reports and estimates.

 
8. Power to control imports, exports, hiring, and prices. 


9. Power to authorize purchase, sale, etc., of goods.

11. Grant of import and
 
10. Supplementary provisions as to orders.
 
licences
export

12. Delegation of functions.
 
13.
Offences

14. Restriction on disclosure of information. 

15. Power to summon witnesses. 

16. Duty and privileges of witnesses.
 
17.
Penalty for disobedience, disrespect or obstruction. 

18. Regulations. 

18A. Minister may increase monetary penalty. 

19. Saving. 

20. Power to amend' Second Schedule.

 

THE TRADE ACT

1st May 1955

 

 

Short Title 

1. This Act may be cited as the Trade Act.

 

 2. In this Act, unless the context otherwise requires- "export" means to take, or be concerned in taking out of Jamaica. or the territorial waters thereof, and exportation" shall be construed accordingly;

"functions" include powers and duties;
  "goods" includes all kinds of goods, produce, wares, merchandise, substances, and animals;
"import" means to bring or be concerned in bringing, into Jamaica or the territorial waters thereof, and "importation" shall be construed accordingly

 

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Establishment of Price Commission 

 3. - (1) There shall be established for the purposes of this body to be called the Prices Commission (hereafter in this Act referred to as the Commission), which shall be a corporate to which the provisions of section 28 of the Interpretation Act, shall apply.

(2) The provisions of the First Schedule shall have effect Fist as to the constitution of the Commission surd otherwise in relation thereto. 

Functions of Commission

4. (1 ) The functions of the Commission shall be-

(a) to carry out such investigations in relation to the price of goods as the Minister may from time to time  require;

(b) to consider any request made to the Minister for the increase of any prices which are controlled under this Act and make recommendations in connection with such request to the Minister; 

(c) to investigate allegations of profiteering in relation to the sale of goods of any class or description and make such report and recommendations in connection therewith as it thinks fit to the Minister; (d) to carry out, on its own initiative, such other investigations in relation to the prices and availability of goods of any class or description as it thinks fit and make such report and recommendations as it thinks fit to the Minister, 

(e) to collect, compile and analyse information in relation to wages and other conditions of employment in any trade or business. 

(2) Subject to the provisions of this Act, the Commission may, for the purpose of exercising or discharging any of its functions under this Act, do anything and enter into any transaction which, in the opinion of the Commission, is necessary to ensure the proper exercise or discharge of its functions (including any function delegated to it under section 12). 

(3) The functions of the Commission specified in paragraphs (a), (c) and (d) of subsection (1) may be exercised or discharged in respect of goods referred to in subsection (2) of section 8 as well as in respect of any other goods.

Funds and resources of the Commission

5. The funds and resources of the commission shall consist of

 (a) such moneys as may from time to time be placed at its disposition for the purposes of this Act by Parliament; 

(b) all other moneys and other property which may in any manner become payable to, or vested in the Commission in respect of any matter incidental to its functions.

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Accounts and Audit 

6.-(1) The Commission shall keep proper accounts and other records in relation to its business and shall prepare annually a statement of accounts in a form satisfactory to the Minister, being a form which shall conform with established accounting principles. 

(2) The accounts of the Commission shall be audited annually by an auditor or auditors appointed annually by the Commission and approved by the Minister. 

 

Annual reports and estimates 

7.(1) The Commission shall, in each year- 

 (a) on or before the 31st day of July, submit to the estimates Minister a report of its activities during the twelve months ending on the 31st day of March in that year, including a statement of its accounts audited in accordance with the provisions of section 6; 

(b) on or before the 30th day of September, submit to the Minister for his approval its estimates of revenue and expenditure for the financial year commencing on the 1st day of April next following

(2) Copies of reports submitted pursuant to paragraph (a) of subsection (1) together with the annual statement of accounts and auditor’s report thereon shall be laid on the Tables of the House of Representatives and of the Senate and shall be published in the Gazette

Power to control imports, exports, hiring and prices 

8.-(1) Subject to the provisions of subsection (2), the  Minister may by order provide for 

 (a) prohibiting absolutely the importation or exportation of goods or any class or description of goods from or to any country; 

(b) prohibiting the importation or exportation of goods or any class or description of goods from or to any country except under the authority of a license granted by the Minister;

 (c) regulating the distribution, purchase or sale of goods or any class or description of goods; 

(d) controlling the prices at which goods or any class or description of goods may be sold, whether by wholesale or retail; 

(e) the furnishing by persons carrying on or employed in connection with any trade or business of information concerning all or any of the elements of the cost or of the sale price of goods or any class or description of goods bought or sold whether by wholesale or retail in such trade or business; 

(f) the terms and conditions on which any class or description of goods specified in the Second Schedule shall be hired and the maximum rates of hiring which may be charged in respect of such class or description of goods. 

(g) the provision and maintenance, at places at which goods are offered for sale by retail, of means whereby persons wishing to purchase any of those goods may ascertain the weight or measurement thereof, may ascertain whether the prices of any of those goods are controlled and if so may ascertain the controlled prices; and in particular the Minister may require-

(i) that the prices of those goods shall be marked on the goods or on any container in or from which they are sold;

 (ii) that where the prices of any of those goods are controlled, a legible list of the controlled prices shall be kept exhibited in a conspicuous position in the places at which those goods are offered for sale;

 (iii) that persons shall not be obstructed in any attempt to ascertain, at the place at which they wish to purchase any of those goods, the weight or measurement thereof

(iv) that the person offering those goods for sale in a place of any description specified in the order shall provide a seat and a table which he shall permit any person thereunto authorized by the Minister to occupy in a suitable part of that place for the purpose of giving information in respect of the prices of those goods to persons seeking that information. 

 

(2) Nothing in subsection (1) shall be deemed to authorize the Minister to make any order under that subsection regulating the exportation, distribution, purchase, sale or price of any goods the exportation, distribution, purchase, sale or price (as the case may be) of which is, or may be, regulated under or by virtue of the provisions of any of the following Acts, that is to say- 

(a) the Sugar Industry Control Act;

 (b) the Agricultural Produce Act; 

(c) the Agricultural Marketing Act;

 (d) the Coconut Industry Control Act; 

(e) the Coffee Industry Regulation Act;

 (f) the Cocoa Industry Board Act;

 (g) the Banana Board Act. 

(3) The Minister may by order establish, in respect of any goods specified in the order, being goods for which prices have not been fixed under this Act or under any other enactment, a pricing code setting out- 

(a) guidance as to the principles and pr&w which persons offering those goods for sale shall follow in determining or increasing the price thereof; 

(b) the circumstances in which the Commission my oppose or approve any proposal to increase the price of those goods, and the effect of that opposition or approval; 

 

(c) the consequences (including the penalty referred to in paragraph (c) of subsection (1) of section 10) of failure to comply with the principles and procedures mentioned in paragraph (a).

Power to Authorize, purchase, sale, etc.. of goods

 9. So far as it appears to the Minister necessary or expedient for the purposes of this Act, he may by order authorize such person as may be designated in the order to purchase, acquire, sell or otherwise dispose of, on behalf of the Government, such goods as may be specified in the order, and make such provision for such supplementary and incidental matters as may be necessary for the purposes thereof. 

Supplementary provisions as to orders

10.-(l) An order made by the Minister under the provisions of section 8 -

 (a) may provide that persons carrying on or employed in connection with any trade or business shall produce to the Minister or any person authorized in that behalf by the Minister, such books, accounts or other documents relating to their trade or business as the Minister may require and that such persons shall furnish to the Minister, such estimates, returns or information as the Minister may from time to time require; and 

(b) may provide for such supplementary and incidental matters as may be necessary or expedient for the purposes of the order including, in particular, the entering and inspection of premises to which the order relates by any person specified in the order with a view to securing compliance therewith; and 

(c) notwithstanding anything contained in the Interpretation Act, may provide that, subject to affirmative resolution, in respect of any breach of the provisions of the order, other than a breach to which subsection (2) refers, that the offender shall be liable on summary conviction thereof before a Resident Magistrate to such fine not exceeding two million dollars or to such term of imprisonment with or without hard labour not exceeding two years as may be prescribed therein

 

(2) Where under any such order the importation of goods or of any class or description of goods, from any country is prohibited except under the authority of a license granted by the Minister, any goods imported in breach of such prohibition shall be deemed to be prohibited goods within the meaning of the Customs Act, which have been imported contrary to the prohibition against their importation, and the provisions of section 210 of the said Act shall apply accordingly. 

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Grant of import and export licenses 

11.- (1) Where an order made by the Minister under the provisions of section 8 prohibits the importation or exportation of any goods except under the authority of a license granted by r the Minister, the Minister may, subject to the provisions of this section, grant or withhold licences for the importation or, as the case may be, exportation of such goods.

 (2) A license granted under this section- 

(a) may be either general or limited to a specified person; and 

(b) may be absolute or conditional; and 

(c) may be limited so as to expire on a specified date unless renewed; and 

(d) shall be revoked by the Minister whenever it appears to him that it is in the public interest that such license should be revoked.

Delegation of functions 

12(1) The Minister may delegate to the Commission, or the Trade Administrator or any other public officer such of the functions of the Minister under this Act as he may specify

(2) A delegation under this section- 

 

(a) may be made subject to such terms and conditions as the Minister thinks fit;

 (b) may at any time be revoked by the Minister;

 (c) while in force shall not prevent the discharge by the Minister of any function thereby delegated. 

.

Offenses

13.-(1) Any person who- ;

 (a) contravenes or fails to comply with any term, condition, or restriction of, or subject to which, any license is granted under section 11; or

 (b) in or in connection with any book, account or other document or any estimate, return or information which he is required to produce or furnish by virtue of any order made under this Act willfully or recklessly gives: any false or misleading information or makes any false or misleading statement; or 

(c) assaults or obstructs any person duly authorized by an order made by the Minister under this Act to enter or inspect any premises while such person is acting in the execution of his duty under this Act.

shall be guilty of an offense and on summary conviction thereof before a Resident Magistrate shall be liable to a fine not exceeding two million dollars and in default of payment to imprisonment with or without hard labor for a term not exceeding two years

(2) Where a person convicted of an offence under subsection (1) or of a breach of any order made under this Act is a body corporate every person who at the time of the commission of the offence or breach was a director or officer of the My corporate shall be deemed to be guilty of the offense or breach unless he proves that it was committed without his knowledge or that he exercised all due diligence to prevent the commission thereof.

(3) Where a person has been convicted of any such offense or breach the court before whom he is convicted may make such order as to the forfeiture or disposal of any goods in relation to which the offense or breach was committed as the court thinks fit: 

Provided that where the court is satisfied that a person accused of any such offense has absconded or, after due enquiry, cannot be found 'in Jamaica, the court, if satisfied, after such investigation as it thinks fit, that any goods connected with the alleged offense were imported into the Island, or knowingly acquired, in contravention of this Act, may direct the forfeiture or disposal of such goods as could have been forfeited or disposed of under this Act if that person had been found guilty of the offense of which he is accused. 

(4) Any person who attempts to commit, or conspires with any other person to commit, or does any act preparatory to, or in any -way aids and abets the commission of an offence under subsection (1) (a), shall be guilty of an offence punishable in like manner as the said offense and the provisions of subsection (3) shall apply in the case of an offense under this subsection as it applies in the case of an offense under subsection (1) (a).

Restriction on disclosure of information

14.-(1) No person who obtains information by virtue of the provisions of this Act or of any order made thereunder shall disclose that information otherwise than in the discharge of his functions under this Act or under any such order, or for the purposes of any criminal proceedings. 

(2) Any person who contravenes the provisions of this section shall be guilty of an offense and on summary conviction thereof before a Resident Magistrate shall be liable to a fine not exceeding one million dollars and in default of payment to imprisonment with or without hard labour for a term not exceeding twelve months.

 

(3) A prosecution for any offense under this section shall not be instituted without the sanction of the Director of Public Prosecutions.

 

Power to summon witnesses

15.-(1) The Commission shall have power to summon any person to attend before the Commission and to give evidence or to produce my paper, book, record or document in the possession or under the control of such person. (2) A summons under this section shall be in the form prescribed in the Third Schedule. (3) A summons under this section may be served by a constable.

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Duty and privileges of witnesses

16. All persons summoned to attend and give evidence or to produce any paper, book, record or document before the Commission- (a) shall be bound to obey the summons served upon them; (b) shall be entitled, in respect of such evidence or the disclosure of my communication or the production of any such paper, book, record or document, to the same I right or privilege as before a court of law; (c) shall be entitled to be paid their expenses, including traveling expenses, at the rates prescribed by the Wit-. nesses' Expenses Act for witnesses who are entitled to have their expenses paid from public funds: Provided that the Commission may disallow the whole or my part of such expenses in any case if it thinks fit.

Penalty for disobedience, disrespect or obstruction 

17. Any person who-

(a) without sufficient cause, fails or refuses to attend before the Commission in obedience to a summons under this Act, or fails or refuses to produce any paper, book, record or document which he was required by such summons to produce; or (b) being a witness, leaves the Commission without the permission of the Commission; or

(c) being a witness, refuses, without sufficient cause, to answer any question put to him by or with the permission of the Commission; or

(d) wilfully obstructs or interrupts the proceedings of the Commission, shall be liable on summary conviction before a Resident Magistrate to a fine not exceeding two million dollars or in default of payment thereof to imprisonment with or without hard labour for a term not exceeding two years.

Regulations 

18.(1) The Minister may make regulations generally for giving effect to the provisions of this Act

(2) Regulations made under this section may provide in respect of a breach of any of the provisions thereof for the imposition, subject to affirmative resolution, of a penalty on summary conviction in a Resident Magistrate's Court of a fine not exceeding two million dollars or imprisonment for a term not exceeding two years or of both such fine and imprisonment.

Minister may increase monetary penalty

18A.(1) The Minister may, by order, subject to affirmative resolution increase the monetary penalties specified in this Act.

 

Saving

19. Nothing in this Act shall make it lawful to import or export goods when such importation or exportation is unlawful under any other enactment

Power to amend Second Schedule 

20. (1) The Minister may by order amend the Second Schedule or substitute a new Schedule therefor.

(2) Every order made under this section shall be subject to affirmative resolution of the House of Representatives

 

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Download English: Trade Act

List Measures/Standards

Name Description Status Measures/Standards Measure Class
Licensing Requirement for Export (Trade Board Limited ) The exportation of any commodity not regulated by Acts listed below requires an export licence from TBL in order for that commodity to be exported. (a) the Sugar Industry Control Act; (b) the Agricultural Produce Act; (c) the Agricultural Marketing Act; (d) the JACRA Act; (e) the Banana Board Act. Active Measure Goods
Import License from TBL An Import Licence is required to import any goods into Jamaica. Any goods imported in breach of such prohibition shall be deemed to be prohibited goods within the meaning of the Customs Act, which have been imported contrary to the prohibition against their importation, and the provisions of section 210 of the said Act shall apply accordingly. Active Measure Goods
Certificate for the Exportation Non Fisheries Processed Goods (VSD) An Export Licence is required to export any goods out of Jamaica. An Export Licence should be sought prior to the exportation of any Non-Fisheries Processed Goods Active Measure Goods
Certification for the Exportation Dogs ,Cats and Birds (VSD) An Export Licence is required to export any goods out of Jamaica. An Export Licence should be sought prior to the exportation of any Dogs, Cats or Birds. Active Measure Goods
Certification for the Exportation of Horse , Food Animals An Export Licence is required to export any goods out of Jamaica. An Export Licence should be sought prior to the exportation of Horses and Food Animals. Active Measure Goods
Permit for the Importation of Goods- Standard Issue ( VSD) The importation of goods such as cats horses among other animals requires an importer needs to obtain an import permit from the Veterinary Service Divison prior to the importation and sale of imported goods in Jamaica. Importers of goods are required under the law- Trade Act 1955 to get a permit Active Measure Goods
Permit for the Importation of Goods- Controlled Goods (VSD) An import permit must be obtained from the Veterinary Service Division, MICAF prior to the importation of controlled goods. All goods that are deemed as controlled goods by the Veterinary Service Division require an import permit under the law - Trade Act 1955. Active Measure Goods
Certificate of Origin: Product Analysis & Approval [Electronic Single Window] A Certificate of Origin can be obtained from the Trade Board Limited, MICAF prior to the exportation products that qualifies for Certificate of Origin. All products that qualify for Certificate of Origin for export under the law- The Trade Act. Importers, Customs Brokers can apply by Visiting The Trade Board Limited. Active Measure Goods
Special Registration- Trade Board Limited [Electronic Single Window] A Special Registration can be obtained from the Trade Board Limited, MICAF prior to the importation/exportation of some goods. All goods that are deemed as controlled goods by the Trade Board Limited mayrequire a Special Registration before import/export permit under the law - Trade Act 1955. Importers/Exporters, Customs Brokers will be able to apply online using the Electronic Single WIndow for Trade. Active Measure Goods
Licensing Requirements for Import / Export - MICAF A Licensing Requirements for Import / Export - MICAF prior to the importation of controlled goods. All goods that are deemed as controlled goods by the MICAF require an import/export permit under the law - Trade Act 1955. Active Measure Goods
Requirements for Certificate of Origin : Product Analysis & Approval- TBL A Certificate of Origin can be obtained from the Trade Board Limited, MICAF prior to the exportation products that qualifies for Certificate of Origin. All products that qualify for Certificate of Origin for export under the law- The Trade Act. Importers, Customs Brokers can apply by Visiting The Trade Board Limited. Active Measure Goods
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